Programme Notes

    I believe that Chinese instruments are very microtonal. Chinese instruments are capable of producing constantly variable intonations and microtonal clusters. To bring out these qualities, this work includes a lot of glissando, slight intonation/timbral change, slow vibrato, and etc. Performers can freely choose how they will play that narrow glissando along the curvy lines for slight intonation change, it could be only quarter sharp/flat or wider intervals such as minor 2nd or major 2nd.These detailed decisions are left to the performers. The original version of this piece has three sections and approximately 10 minutes long, including the middle section at a faster tempo than the first/last sections.